Similarly, Naranjo (2018) proposes that their level of knowledge should be taken into
account and taken as a reference, in order to carry out an intervention according to their
psychophysical characteristics and the educational objectives that have been previously
raised, to reach their goal. playful and competitive development, respecting the
pedagogical and sporting level in which the athletes are.
Other authors such as Tamayo and Arboleda (2020); Amorós et al. (2013) and Holwaya
(2011) agree that technical preparation planning is undoubtedly one of the most important
factors in predicting improvement in player performance, as long as it is carried out taking
into account the internal characteristics and needs or technical and tactical requirements
of the sport in question, to improve the performance of its players.
Driving in field hockey is of the utmost importance to achieve good results and according
to Carrasco (2015) it is the displacement that an athlete makes with the ball, which varies
according to the situation in which he finds himself and adopts different positions taking
the axis as the axis. body of the same, being necessary when there is no support and to
favor the unmarking of a teammate.
Regarding driving, Monroy (2011b) points out that in field hockey its correct learning is
essential, since its mastery allows different technical combinations to be made as a basis
for the strategies and tactics used during competitive play, such as feints, passes, changes
of direction, etc. pace and above all, have control of the ball.
The field hockey players of the 13-15 year-old category of the "Mártires de Barbados"
Comprehensive School of School Sports (EIDE) in Havana, subjects of this investigation,
have gone through the categories that precede them, but there is a reality expressed in the
incorrect posture in terms of the position of the legs and trunk, as well as the head, limiting
peripheral vision during the execution of the movement.
In addition, they have difficulties in gripping the cane and lack of coordination of the
movement due to the pressure of the opponent at the time of driving, either due to a history
of competitive experience or because they are not equipped with tools that allow them to
perform better technically.
In this regard, it was verified that, in the last three seasons, the field hockey coaches who
work with the 13-15 year-old category of the aforementioned school, have been carrying
out technical preparation based on traditional models, based on their experiences.
personal, being the same little motivating, rigid and dogmatic.
In addition, a great predominance of physical preparation was observed based on its
important value for performance; The exercises that are used do not simulate real game
situations, which does not allow for perfecting driving in a real situation and, in turn, does
not promote the creative thinking of the players, considering direct contact with the
environment, discovery, and significant prior knowledge. .
From the foregoing, a contradiction arises between the need for coaches to have exercises
that contribute to improving field hockey leadership in players in the 13-15-year-old
category and the insufficient theoretical, methodological and practical preparation that
guides them. with objectivity the work that the coaches of this sport must carry out to
improve the conduction of players in the 13-15 year-old category.